Oral surgery refers to different kinds of surgical treatment executed in the jaw and teeth to fix dental problems. It can only be performed by experienced surgeons who have the license to do so. Not everyone will be referred to an oral surgeon unless it’s really needed. Several conditions like removal of wisdom teeth or placing implants are considered to be oral surgeries.
Types Of Oral Surgery
Before concluding that you are in need of oral surgery, the dental surgeon will perform several dental examinations and physical tests to verify your condition. You will most probably be asked to undergo an x-ray exam for a more accurate diagnosis. Some of the surgeries that an office can offer include:
- Extraction of wisdom teeth. Oftentimes, erupted wisdom teeth do not cause any discomfort or pain in the mouth. But in some cases, oral surgery may be required to extract an impacted tooth that did not erupt properly.
- Placement of implants. Your oral surgeon might recommend dental implants if you have a missing tooth. Implants are placed in the gums to serve as new support for the soon to be inserted artificial teeth.
- Dental biopsy. If the dentist notices an unusual gum abnormality, you might be requested to undergo a dental biopsy. In this procedure, a small sample of tissue from your gums will be removed to be sent to a laboratory.
- Correcting jaw alignment. The office might take surgery into consideration if your jaw is not properly aligned. Aside from the fact that it has an impact on overall appearance, it can also affect the function of your mouth.
- Aid sleep apnea symptoms. Your sleep doctor might recommend you to an oral surgeon if the symptoms of your sleep apnea persist. The specialist will then take out extra tissues from your throat to help you sleep better.
- Dental restoration. When a tooth gets knocked out due to injury, it’s normal function will not be the same anymore. Oral surgeons advise that this type of surgery is essential most importantly for severe cases.
There are several things to consider before your treatment schedule. This is to make sure that you are well-equipped for what’s to come. To ensure your safety, follow the tips below in preparing for your oral surgery:
- Talk to your surgeon and do not be afraid to ask questions. Surgeons are more than happy to inform you of the things that you need to know to make sure that you are comfortable in their hands.
- Understand the post-operative care instructions. This is usually given by the office assistant so you can prepare the things that you will need after the surgery.
- Arrange your transportation beforehand. You will be under anesthetics during the whole procedure so be sure to bring a companion to drive you home.
- Know the rules. All kinds of surgery have certain rules to follow. This is to assure that the treatment area will not be compromised and the recovery time will be quicker.
- Dress comfortably. For a convenient and hassle-free surgical procedure, wear something that will keep you cozy at all times.
- Prepare your post-operative meals. After the surgery, you will be advised to take plenty of rest, which means you will not have much time to go to the grocers to buy food.
- Coordinate with the oral surgeon. Be on time for your appointment and inform the office if you will be late or will need to postpone.
To make the recovery time more efficient, there are certain things to do following your oral surgery. Most of the time, the bleeding, swelling, and pain will subside in about 2 days. However, surgeons recommend that one full week of rest will ensure the success of the operation without any complications. The list of post-operative care usually include the following;
- Do not remove the gauze for at least an hour. This will help to lessen the bleeding.
- Try to use an ice pack to ease swelling.
- Avoid heavy gargling or rinsing for a day.
- Do not use straws and avoid pouting.
- Do not consume hard to chew foods. Soft foods like soup and oatmeal are highly suggested for at least 1 week.
- Follow your prescription.
- Do not engage in any extreme physical activities.