The poor condition of oral health around the world has increased significantly over the years. The owner of the Sunbury dental clinic ‘Lotus Smiles’ advises that it is essential to know how to keep your teeth healthy to prevent the occurrence of dental problems such as tooth decay, bad breath, swollen gums, and more.
Common Dental Problems
While it is important to know the proper procedures in keeping your teeth and gums healthy, it is also essential to know the most common oral health problems that most people experience nowadays and how to provide a temporary or permanent solution.
- Toothache. There are many reasons why toothache occurs, however, if the dental appointment is not soon enough, you may opt to buy over the counter painkillers in the meantime. Floss your teeth to remove food particles in between and use salt warm water to rinse. Tooth decay is the most common reason for a toothache.
- Stained teeth. The food we eat plays a huge role in the changes in our teeth color. Consuming bright colored foods may leave your teeth yellowish and stained. Each dentist has their methods of whitening the teeth. You may also try to whiten your teeth by buying a plastic tray and gel from your dentist and doing it on your own.
- Cavities. If you feel little holes forming in your teeth, it’s time to be alarmed. These holes are caused by sticky bacterias that are slowly destroying your teeth enamel. Untreated cavity problems may cause serious issues and lead to tooth decay. Healthy teeth and gums do not have any plumps or holes. When this happens, visit your dentist immediately and ask for a solution.
- Cracked tooth. Probably caused by a childhood accident or dental injury, a cracked or chipped tooth can be covered by crowns or veneers.
- Impacted teeth. An impacted tooth is the one that got stuck in between the bone or soft tissue and didn’t come out properly. Oftentimes, dentists suggest to leave this alone, but in some cases, this may cause pain and discomfort and may need dental treatment or extraction.
- Cold Sensitivity. Whenever you eat something cold and feel sudden tingling in your teeth, you may be suffering from cold sensitivity. Sensitive teeth can be caused by cavities, gum disease, or exposed roots. A dental treatment would be needed depending on the state of your teeth.
- Hyperdontia. Hyperdontia is a condition where your mouth is composed of too many teeth. A dental extraction of excess teeth would be advised followed by orthodontal treatment to correct the position of the remaining teeth.
- Misaligned teeth. Although teeth misalignment is not a major teeth problem and does not require immediate attention, correcting the position of the teeth is still important. Having it treated can help in improving overall dental health and provide relief from jaw pains.
- Gum issues. Gum disease is often caused by bacterias and plaque that are building up inside your mouth. If neglected, this can lead to loss of bone which may result in tooth extraction. Preventing gum disease is easy as long as you take care of your oral health regularly.
- Xerostomia. A dry mouth is related to the changes in the production of saliva in the mouth. In other cases, dry mouth can also be associated with a yeast infection or autoimmune diseases.
- Bruxism. Teeth clenching or grinding is commonly caused by unreleased stress. People who suffer from bruxism are usually unaware of their habits. This condition can give you headaches, a sore jaw, and cracked teeth.
- The occurrence of a wisdom tooth. At least 90% of people with wisdom tooth problems are experiencing pain due to the impacted tooth. Consider yourself lucky if your wisdom tooth is not causing you any discomfort at all. Extracting wisdom teeth can be a messy and painful procedure.
Taking Care Of Oral Health
A healthy set of teeth is an indication of the good overall health of a person. Several oral problems are usually correlated as symptoms of other diseases like lung and liver problems. So what exactly are the most important things to remember in keeping your teeth healthy and bacteria-free? First of all, it is important to know if you are suffering from any serious dental problems.
Tooth decay, for example, is the result of bacteria build-up forming plaque in the gums and teeth due to improper teeth cleaning. Some of the foods we take are causing the bacteria in the mouth to produce acids, hence, leading to tooth decay and problem in the gums. Tooth decay can be prevented by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly.
Dry mouth, on the other hand, takes place when the salivary gland is not producing enough saliva, thus, leaving the entire mouth feeling dry and parched. Dry mouth can be resolved by drinking plenty of water so that your body will stay hydrated enough to produce saliva. A healthy body is equivalent to a healthy oral state.
Brushing And Flossing
- Move your brush gently across the teeth while holding it at a 45-degree angle against the gums.
- Do not forget to brush evenly. Brush the outer, inner, and chewing part of the entire mouth.
- Brush your tongue to remove excess bacteria and freshen up the breath.
- Floss at least once a day. If your floss is too thick for the gaps of your teeth, you may opt to switch to a thinner floss.
- Control the floss until it reaches your gumline. After this, make it form a C shape against a tooth and slowly slide it upwards.
- Hold the floss against one tooth while gently rubbing the side of the tooth, and leading the floss on an up and down movement from the gums.
- Repeat this process on all gaps of the teeth.
Some mouthwash is designed for the dry mouth but most are made to protect the teeth, gums, and mouth from bacterias. It helps in preventing gingivitis and plaque build-up. It has antiseptic ingredients such as alcohol, eucalyptol, and menthol that goes into the unreachable crevices between the teeth to kill the bacteria that forms there. It is also a good solution for bad breath because of its menthol components.
Fluoride mouth rinses can also contribute to oral health as it reduces and prevents tooth decay and keeping the teeth healthy.
- Use a mouthwash at least once or twice a day after brushing and flossing.
- Pour 3 to 5 teaspoons of mouthwash in the cap.
- Gargle the liquid and swish it around your mouth until you feel satisfied. Do not swallow.
- Reduce the intake of sweetened foods and drinks. Sugar helps in producing acids in the mouth leading to tooth decay and gum diseases. Too much acid can destroy tooth enamel and damage the teeth.
- Drink plenty of water every day. Not only that it prevents dry mouth, it also helps in washing away accumulated sugar and acids after every meal.
- Avoid eating or drinking foods with bright colors. Drinking sodas or coffee frequently can cause teeth stains and may leave a permanent yellowish color. A whiter and cleaner looking teeth indicate a healthy dental disposition.
- Avoid smoking on a regular basis, if using cigarettes is a habit, try to wash away the nicotine residues by rinsing your mouth right after.
- Eat foods that are rich in calcium. Calcium remineralizes the teeth enamel and makes it strong.
- Visit your dentist regularly. Keeping your oral health in shape includes once or twice dental appointments per year. This will help in determining the possible occurrence of oral diseases like cancer. Your dentist will try to maintain the good condition of your mouth as much as possible that is why they need to check and examine the changes in your mouth from time to time.
- Check your oral hygiene products. Kinds of toothpaste with fluoride and enamel protection ingredients are highly recommended by dentists, while they suggest mouthwashes with fluoride, chloride, essential oils, and hydrogen peroxide.
- Do not use your teeth aside from eating and chewing. Opening a bottle cap and ripping off a bag of chips will only do harm to your teeth.